What is meristematic tissue in plants

what is meristematic tissue in plants

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Lateral Meristem It is located in the stems and roots on the lateral side. It increases the thickness of the plant. Vascular cambium and cork cambium are the two lateral meristems. These divide preclinically or radially and give rise to secondary permanent tissues. Jun 03,  · Lateral Meristem It is located in the stems and roots on the lateral side. It increases the thickness of the plant. Vascular cambium and cork cambium are the 2 lateral meristems. These divide pre clinically or radially and lead to a rise in secondary permanent tissues.

Meristematic tissues, or simply meristemsare tissues in which the cells remain forever young and divide actively throughout the life of the plant. When a meristematic cell divides in two, the new cell that remains in the meristem is called an initialthe other the derivative.

As new cells are added by ni mitotic divisions of the initial cells, the derivatives are pushed farther away from the zone of active division. They stretch, enlarge and differentiate into other types of tissues as they mature. Meristematic cells are generally small and cuboidal with large nuclei, small vacuoles, and thin walls.

A plant has four kinds of meristems: the apical meristem and three kinds of lateral— vascular cambiumcork cambiumand intercalary meristem. These are located at opposite ends of the plant axis in the tips of roots and shoots. Cell divisions and subsequent cellular enlargement in these areas lengthen the what is a reliability engineer and what is meristematic tissue in plants ground parts of the meristematid.

The tixsue also influence the shapes of the mature plants since the patterns for subsequent growth are laid down in the meristems. Vascular cambium. Some plants grow in diameter by producing new tissues laterally from a cylinder of tissue called the vascular cambiumwhich extends throughout the length of the plant from the tips of the shoots to the tips of the roots.

It is present in all perennial and in some annual plants. Tissues produced by cell divisions of the vascular cambium are secondary meristemxtic. Cork cambium. Cork cambia singular: cambiumalso called phellogensare found meristeatic the bark of roots and stems of woody plants where they produce cork cells.

The cork cambia originate just under the epidermis of the primary body and in some tree species are long cylinders running parallel to the vascular cambium. In other species, more discrete, disk-like cork cambia in the trunks produce flat plates of bark tissues that break off in large scales as the tree ages.

Intercalary meristem. Grasses have intercalary meristems located along the stems near the nodes. Cell divisions in this tissue push the stem upward. Grasses and other monocots have no lateral meristems so any lateral increase in size is the result of primary tissue cell enlargement, not cell divisions.

The cells produced by divisions in the apical meristem region are soon identifiable as three zones of distinct tissues that differentiate below the apical meristems. These are the primary meristemscalled sometimes the transitional js the pkantsthe procambiumand the ground meristem. They give rise to the tissue systems of the primary plant body. Previous Growth and Development. Next Tissue Systems how to make a web template in dreamweaver Cellular Composition.

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Meristematic Tissues

Meristematic tissues, or simply meristems, are tissues in which the cells remain forever young and divide actively throughout the life of the plant. When a meristematic cell divides in two, the new cell that remains in the meristem is called an initial, the other the derivative. As new cells are added by repeated mitotic divisions of the initial cells, the derivatives are pushed farther away from the zone of .

In plant biology, the term "meristematic tissue" refers to the living tissues containing undifferentiated cells that are the building blocks of all specialized plant structures. The zone where these cells exist is known as the "meristem. In essence, the cells within the meristematic tissues are what allow a plant to increase its length and girth. The term is adapted from the Greek word "merizein," meaning "to divide," a reference to the function of the cells in the meristematic tissue.

The cells within the meristem have some unique characteristics:. There are three types of meristematic tissues, categorized according to where they appear in the plant: "apical" at the tips , "intercalary" at the middle , and "lateral" at the sides. The apical meristematic tissues are also known as "primary meristematic tissues," because these are what form the main body of the plant, allowing for vertical growth of stems, shoots, and roots.

The primary meristem is what sends a plant's shoots reaching for the sky and the roots burrowing into the soil. Lateral meristems are known as "secondary meristematic tissues" because they are what is responsible for an increase in girth. The secondary meristematic tissue is what increases the diameter of tree trunks and branches , as well as the tissue that forms bark. Intercalary meristems occur only in plants that are monocots, a group that includes the grasses and bamboos. Intercalary tissues located at the nodes of these plants allow the stems to regrow.

It is intercalary tissue that causes grass leaves to grow back so quickly after being mowed or grazed. Galls are abnormal growths occurring on the leaves, twigs, or branches of trees and other plants.

They usually occur when any one of about species of insects and mites interact with meristematic tissues. Gall-making insects oviposit lay their eggs or feed on the meristematic tissues of host plants at critical moments. A gall-making wasp, for example, may lay eggs in plant tissues just as leaves are opening or shoots are lengthening. By interacting with the plant's meristematic tissue, the insect takes advantage of a period of active cell division to initiate the formation of a gall.

The walls of the gall structure are very strong, providing protection for the larvae feeding on plant tissues within. Galls can also be caused by bacteria or viruses infecting the meristematic tissues. Galls may be unsightly, even disfiguring, on stems and leaves of plants, but they rarely kill the plant.

Share Flipboard Email. Debbie Hadley. Entomology Expert. Debbie Hadley is a science educator with 25 years of experience who has written on science topics for over a decade. Updated January 17, Cite this Article Format. Hadley, Debbie. A Definition of Meristematic Tissue in Plants.

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