Grammar: Sentence Structure and Types of Sentences
Types of Sentences The four different kinds of sentences in English — declarative, interrogative, imperative, and exclamatory — allow us to express ourselves clearly. Using a variety of sentences in your writing will add interest and help you get your ideas across effectively. A complex sentence contains at least one independent clause and at least one dependent clause. Dependent clauses can refer to the subject (who, which) the sequence/time (since, while), or the causal elements (because, if) of the independent clause. If a sentence begins with a dependent clause, note the comma after this carolacosplay.us: Paul Lai.
A declarative sentence "declares" or states a fact, arrangement or opinion. Declarative sentences can be either sentencds or negative.
A declarative sentence ends with a period. I'll meet you at the train station. The sun rises in the East. He doesn't get up early. The imperative form instructs or sometimes requests. The imperative takes no subject as 'you' is the implied subject. The imperative form ends with either a period.
Open the door. Finish your homework Pick up that mess. The interrogative asks a question. In the interrogative form, the auxiliary verb precedes the subject which is then followed by the main verb i. The interrogative form ends with a question mark? How long have you lived in Tthe When does the bus leave?
Do you enjoy listening to what are the types of sentences in english music? The exclamatory form emphasizes a statement either declarative or imperative with an exclamation point! Hurry up! That sounds fantastic! I can't believe you said that! Writing in English begins with the sentence. Sentences are then combined into paragraphs. Finally, paragraphs are used to write longer structures such as essays, business reportsetc.
The first sentence structure is the most common:. Simple sentences contain no conjunction i. Frank ate his dinner quickly.
Peter and Sue visited the museum last Saturday. Are you coming to the party? Compound sentences contain two statements that are connected by a conjunction i. Practice writing compound sentences with this compound sentence writing aer. I wanted to come, but it was late. The company had an excellent year, so they gave everyone a bonus.
I went shopping, and my wife went to her classes. Complex sentences contain a dependent clause and at least one independent clause. The two clauses are connected by a subordinator i. My daughter, who was late for class, arrived shortly after the bell rang. That's the man who bought our house Although it was difficult, the class passed the test with excellent marks.
The clauses deciding what to major in connected by both conjunctions i. John, who briefly visited last month, won the prize, and he took a short vacation. Jack forgot his friend's birthday, so he sent him a card when he finally remembered. The report which Tom compiled was presented to the board, but it was rejected because it was too complex. Share Flipboard Email. Kenneth Beare. Updated November 19, Cite this Article Format.
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Declarative sentences are the most common type of sentence. 2. Interrogative Sentence (question) Interrogative sentences ask a question. They ask us something. They want information, and they always end with a question mark. The usual word order for the interrogative sentence is: . Compound sentences A compound sentence has at least two major independent clauses. They can be joined by a semicolon, or a comma and coordinating conjunction (such as ‘and’, ‘but’, ‘or’). A declarative sentence is the most basic type of sentence. Its purpose is to relay or convey information to make meaningful statements. These are the most common type of sentence that lets the reader know something specific and always ends with a period.
In grammar, a sentence is the basic grammatical unit, containing a group of words and which expresses a complete thought. A sentence essentially consists of a subject and a predicate. It starts with a capital letter and ends with a full stop, question mark or exclamation mark. You come across so many sentences every day.
All of these sentences can be categorized into different types of sentences based on their structure, purpose and function. There are 4 types of sentences based on structure and 4 types of sentences based on function. A declarative sentence is the most basic type of sentence.
Its purpose is to relay or convey information to make meaningful statements. These are the most common type of sentence that lets the reader know something specific and always ends with a period.
As you can see, these sentences make statements, whether of fact or opinion. Declarative sentences can be simple, complex, or compound. They can also be in any tense, as long as they do their basic job of presenting information. As the name suggests Interrogative sentences interrogate, or ask questions.
The term is used in grammar to refer to features that form questions. These are direct questions, and they are punctuated with a question mark. Interrogative sentences are typically marked by inversion of the subject and predicate; that is, the verb appears before the subject. Interrogative sentences are used to ask questions.
You form a question when you want to ask someone something, either to make a request, offer something, get information, or clarification. This type of sentence always has a question mark at the end. Alternative Interrogative sentences are ques t ions that have two or more alternative responses in answer and give the other person some options. These sentences start with auxiliary verbs.
Wh- Interrogative sentences are questions which start with question words beginning with wh-. The question words are who, whom, whose, which, what, where, when, why, and how. These are also known as open questions. A tag question is a declarative statement with a question tagged onto the end. Tag questions generally ask for confirmation. Each of the above questions has a declarative sentence at the beginning which is followed by question tags.
A sentence that expresses strong feeling is called an Exclamatory Sentence. Exclamatory sentences are like declarative sentences in that they make statements but their main purpose is to express strong emotion. Exclamatory sentences are used in conversation, informal correspondence, and advertising and in written dialogue to show emotion, but they are not typically useful in business writing. Exclamatory sentences should not be over used. It should be used only when it is required to express a strong feeling.
Imperative sentences tell someone to do or not to do something. Many imperative sentences end in periods, but some of the more forceful demands may end in an exclamation mark to highlight the emotion. Negative Imperative is a mode in which we give a command using the negative.
This mode can be used to forbid someone to do something. Positive and Negative sentences are not separate classification of sentences.
Both positive and negative sentences are declarative statements. Negative sentences are opposites of positive sentences. These statements say that something is not so true. These verbs are called Auxiliary verbs. Do, be, shall, will, have, etc. This is very easy as you can see from the examples given before. That is all. Some more examples are given below with explanation:.
I will not go there. There are several methods to convert a Positive sentence to a negative sentence without change in the meaning. I am not as great as he. Negative Further examples will be provided in the Types of Sentences Worksheets. In addition to classifying sentences by their function, you can again categorize sentences according to their structure. There are four basic sentence structures.
The 4 different types of sentences are:. A compound sentence consists of two or more independent clauses with relative ideas. These clauses are joined together with suitable connectives and punctuation. In other words we can say that when two or more simple sentences, with related ideas, are combined together with the help of proper conjunctions and punctuations, it is called a compound sentence. There are 7 coordinating conjunctions. They are for , and , nor , but , or , yet , and so.
Some commonly used correlative conjunctions are: not only … but also, either …or, neither…nor,both…and, though…yet. Example: also , in addition to , as a result , for example etc. Method 1: Using a comma and a coordinating conjunction. It may be noted that in the above sentences comma comes before each of the coordinating conjunction. If the independent clauses are very short and very closely related, either a comma or a co coordinating conjunction can be used to join the clauses.
When compound sentence is formed using semi colon and a transitional expression, a comma is used after the transitional expression and a semicolon before it. A semicolon has been put before each of them and comma after each. Unlike compound sentence where both the clauses are independent, here only one clause is independent. Subordinate clause cannot stand alone though it has a subject and predicate.
As the name indicates, Independent clause can stand alone. In addition to this work of joining the clauses together, these conjunctions also tell us the relationship between subordinate clause i. There are many subordinating conjunctions in English. Some common subordinating conjunctions are: after, while, since, if, when, as soon as, even if, as far as, in case, so that supposing etc.
Words like whenever and wherever also are used as relative adverbs. Note: When an independent clause and a dependent clause join together to form a complex sentence, they can go in either order. But when the dependent clause comes first, you have to generally separate the clauses with a comma.
As the name suggests these kinds of sentences are combination of complex and compound sentences. A compound-complex sentence contains at least two independent clauses and at least one dependent clause.
Because compound-complex sentences are normally longer than other sentences, it is very important to punctuate them correctly. The independent clauses in a compound-complex sentence are called co-ordinate clauses because they are coordinated by a coordinating conjunction. It demonstrates that he or she can bring together in a single sentence a range of different pieces of information and order them in relationship to each other.
This is not to say that the compound-complex sentence invites confusion: on the contrary, when handled carefully, it has the opposite effect as it clarifies the complexity and enables readers to see the information it conveys clearly.
Some of them are: after, although, as, as far as, as if, even though, every time, in order that, since, till, unless, when, whenever, while, how, as soon as etc. When my father saw my boyfriend for the first time, he called me privately and asked me if my friend had a job.
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