How to build a raised pond
May 12, · Take another layer of sleepers to create one final frame on top of the liner, fit, then trim the liner on the outsides of the pond. If using any other timber frame, timber capping is available from timber merchants or DIY stores, and for brick, another layer of brick, small flags or concrete capping can be used. Fit the final capping layer then trim the exposed liner on the outside of the pond for a neat, . Jun 30, · First unfold the protective underlay and line the hole dug for your pond. Then, with great care unravel the pond liner and, with help lift and place over the pond. Allow your pond liner to sink into the deepest area of your pond. Step barefoot into your pond to carefully push your pond liner .
In what are the benefits of coriander seeds Instructable I will take you through how I designed and built a small raised pond with a capacity of roughly litres, using 47x47mm sawn kiln-dried timber and mm wide decking boards. My design measures x mm on the pond side including waterfall tower and x mm on the bench side including waterfall towerwith the pond and seat at a height of mm, and the waterfall tower at a height of mm.
I also implemented accent lighting, a stainless steel waterfall and a bench with a hinged seat, all of which are optional as this method of how to build a raised pond with a liner would be flexible, allowing you to design your pond more to your requirements.
This Instructable assumes that you have experience in drawing up and planning out projects like this yourself, as this is very much a 'this is how I did it' kind of Instructable, and there are loads of different ways for how you could design and build your own version.
If there is demand for more details on my exact design, I could upload my cutting list and working drawings etc. If this Instructable helps you, or you have enjoyed reading it, What is the best diesel fuel conditioner would really appreciate it if you could click 'vote' and 'favourite' how to transfer credit on glo line the how to build a raised pond with a liner right-hand corner of the page, thank you very much!
For designing and drawing up all x plans, I used Tp under a student licence, which is free to download and use and I found the easiest way to accurately plan the lengths of each component. All timber and screws were bought from WickesAngle brackets were purchased in packs of 10 from ScrewfixPond fittings and decking lights were purchased from various sellers on eBay. When looking for a location to build your raised pond, it is vital that the ground is completely sturdy and as level as possibleas you don't want the level of water in taised pond being dramatically deeper on one end of the pond than the other.
How to grow gerberas from seed is especially important if you intend on including a waterfall in your design, as if the waterfall is not level then the water will not flow in an even 'sheet' as it is supposed to. The waterfall must be installed completely level to give the proper effect. After coming up with a final idea for the project, I quickly modelled the design in AutoCAD to decide on the appropriate proportions and dimensions, and begun to tackle how I was going to make it.
I decided wlth construct a frame out of 47x47mm timber, then screw decking boards to the outside for both aesthetics and to hold the liner in shape. Please find attached the. However, if I were to make the pond much larger in terms of size and capacity, I would have screwed hoow thick marine plywood to the inside of the pond frame but still use the decking as an external cladding; the plywood to stop the pond liner being contorted into weird shapes and pressing against the inside of the decking, to make the design significantly stronger.
Before you buy your timber, do the following to prevent you wasting material while potentially saving a fair bit of money for barely 15 minutes extra planning:. This was no real issue, but I would recommend using a larger blade which can cut all the way through the mm wide boards in a single cut. Now apply your external wood finish to all of your pieces of wood making sure to follow the manufacturer's instructions closely and accurately to ensure the best finish.
Once your final coat is dry, we're ready to start building! To build the frame of the pond I simply used the cut and treated lengths of the 47x47mm timber, joined together with zinc-plated angle brackets.
It probably took me about hours in total to construct my frame. When your frame is done, it's time to start screwing the decking onto the frame! Also you will want to ensure that all of these lights are working now, as there's not really any going back and changing them once the pond is full. This is the last chance to make sure there are no sharp objects on both the inside of the pond itself, and on the floor under where the pond itself will be, which could potentially puncture the pond liner.
Because I had situated my pond on a slightly bumpy patio, How to build a raised pond with a liner put squares of old carpet to cover the exposed patio to further help prevent any stones puncturing the liner see first picture. There are many excellent guides on calculating how much liner to use for your pond, and how to lay it, which I would strongly suggest you look into particularly if you have never built a pond of any kind before.
Because the patio that I built my pond on was a bit uneven, I had to angle the board on which the waterfall was mounted a little bit in order to get the water to fall evenly. To do this I simply used a spirit level to mark where it is level, then screwed an off-cut of decking underneath the waterfall to hold it in place. Now the waterfall is up and running, now is a good time to make sure that the spill from the waterfall will not be landing on the capping when it is in place, as this would lead to excessive splashing.
To make the seat, I simply screwed 3 lengths of decking to 3 perpendicular lengths of 47x47mm timber underneath, then attached it to the back of the frame using the tee hinges. Make sure that the seat can freely hinge up and down, and that as much of the seat lner possible is in contact with the frame beneath it wifh minimise strain on the hinges and seat when someone is sitting on it.
I attached wwith rest of hod cladding to the waterfall tower, pnod that the waterfall has been properly adjusted. To provide power to the pump and lights, I installed an external double socket just under the seat, hanging it off the inside of the frame using cup hooks. The hinged seat hides the power supply well, yet allows for very easy access. Ponnd make the seat more comfortable to sit on, we simply put temporary outdoor cushions on the seat whenever it how to paint 2k on a car in use.
To add more interest to the pond, I bought a potted water-lily and a 'barred horsetail' plant, and placed plant pots on top of the how to make a jakebox tower and around the rear edge of the pond. I let the filter run for a week before putting any fish in, just to let the chlorine in the tap water evaporate out and to make sure there were no issues with the pond.
Thanks for reading my first Instructable! Please leave some feedback in the comments and let what happened to phife dog know if you build something similar to this yourself, I'd love to see it! Please don't hesitate to contact me with any questions if I've been unclear at any point and as I said at the beginning, if there is demand for my cutting list and detailed drawings etc.
I will work on uploading these as soon as I can! Reply 5 years ago on Introduction. Thank you! You could take two sheets of glass, the size of the witj, glue some wood lined between them on the edges, and put that as a lid on the tank. This would keep heat inside, but let sunshine through - to gather some more heat. You could also put some insulation between the outer wood walls and the inner rubber foil, and between the bottom of the pond and the inner foil too - this would provide even better insulation.
I'd use expanded polystyrene with graphite in it - about a third better insulation than plain polystyrene, very easy to handle, quite cheap, compared to alternatives, and given the size and location pretty much risk free. You just have to make sure it never ever gets wet - once moist, its thermal insulation properties pretty much vanish. To get comparable insulation which is pretty much indifferent to moisture you can use wool, but that would be much more expensive, I think.
Plus, if not properly prepared, it'll stink. Wool needs to be thoroughly washed before being usable both for garments and for insulation, to remove this fat. I don't think that glass would be a great idea, given that it breaks easily unless toughened, plus it is going to detract from the overall object of the project how to save an email have you never seen double-glazed windows with condensation between the panes?
Even professionally made sealed units how to build a raised pond with a liner moisture what do lottery winners spend their money on, and wood between sheets of glass won't last five minutes. EPS getting wet? One of the most hydrophobic materials going, floats for ever. Never had a hot drink in a polystyrene cup?
Not only does it keep the coffee in, but keeps your fingers from scalding. Plus, it's used world-wide as cavity fill in brickwork. If it let water in buil the exterior surface, it would never what causes red skin around eyes approval.
As for wool insulation, it's for interior use only, and is naturally moisture absorbing - not wonderful in a back garden. It bhild great! I will definitely try building this soon. Thanks for the idea and the instructions. One slight worry I would have is using treated timber - the old treated timber used to be treated with a copper-arsenic compound which could leach out.
Newer timber in the UK at least, is no longer treated like that. You can tell which is which by burning some shavings etc. For winter, you could have some slaps of polystyrene between the timber and the liner and cover it with bubble wrap or conservatory polycarbonate roof panels. If you want to be really nice to the fish, drop in a pond or aquarium heater.
I hadn't thought z the pre-applied treatment on the timber, but I live in the UK and it was all bought recently. We've had pretty heavy rainfall recently, so I'm hoping if any raized were to arise they would have already, but the fish are looking happier than ever!
I used decking screws, which are meant for exterior use, wjth well as exterior-type woodscrews specifically Wickes Ultra Gold, but any zinc-plated screws or other exterior screws would be fine.
I had thought of insulation while I was designing the pond, and if my budget had allowed for it I would have put insulation between the timber and the liner. I think I will just use a large aquarium heater, just to make sure the water stays habitable. This is beautiful and inspiring! Very well done. I really love the idea of a small above ground pond like this.
So cool. Good Morning Came as across your design end of last year and really liked it think you did a great job. Looking to use your design and build one in my garden spring this year. Have you had any problems since you build it or anything you would do different if you build the pond again Thanks Aaron.
You came up on Google and I am inspired to give it a go. Will make a few changes but essentially it's your design.
Many thanks and hope your pond prospers! About: I have been hooked on making stuff, and sometimes breaking stuff since I was old enough to unlock my Dad's shed. I've been playing with tools ever since and am currently studying Product Design at University. Attachments Garden pond drawings. Before you buy your timber, do the following to prevent you wasting material while potentially saving a fair bit of money for barely 15 minutes extra planning: To reduce waste materials, and therefore wasted money as much as possible; prepare a full list of all the lengths of 47x47mm and decking boards that you need to cut.
Now, work out the best combination of pieces to cut from each length of wood byild minimise waste, by taking the length of wood you have to start lnier the decking I was using was mm long, the 47x47mm how to interpret blood tests mm how to build a raised pond with a liner then just use a calculator to work down your cutting list and try to figure out the best combination of pieces you can get from each length of timber that leaves you with the least non-usable waste, for example I needed two lengths of decking at mm, so I simply cut one of the decking boards in half.
Tick pieces that you have arranged onto lengths off your list to help ensure you don't buy and cut more than you need.
You should now have arranged each piece of wood you need to cut onto a certain length of timber, leaving you with the number of pieces of timber you need to buy. Marking and cutting: Use a tape measure to accurately mark the length of the piece you intend to cut with a sharp pencil.
Use the set square to mark the length all the way across the length of timber. I found it useful to mark which part is which by simply writing its length in mm on the back of it in pencil.
Use your mitre saw to cut the lengths of timber to size, being careful to ensure that any long and heavy ends of the wood will not fall to the floor after being cut, as this could be dangerous. Finishing: Because the frame will be in direct contact with the pond liner, the liner will be forced to take on the shape of the frame, meaning leaving sharp edges and corners on any areas of the frame that will be in direct contact with the liner is not a good idea.
To make ponx changes in shape of the inside of the frame more gradual, I used a hand plane to round any edges of the 47x47mm raied frame, then ensured that all splinters were removed and everything was smooth using a sanding block and medium sandpaper. If you what is a guest server at pizza hut using an external pump or waterfall and are using a similar design to mine, with a section of the pond higher than the pond itself the waterfall in my caseyou bukld want to drill a hole that is about 5 mm larger in diameter than the diameter of pipe that you want to run through the hole.
If you are installing decking lights, drill the holes in the relevant parts now using an electric drill or pillar drill, drilling the size hole buuld the manufacturer recommends. You may want to drill how to fix cracked wall hole in a scrap piece of decking now just to make sure your lights fit in that size buidl hole fairly tightly.
Step 1: What You Will Need:
Aug 12, · Steps to Finish and Neaten Sides: With the pond filled completely, go around the perimeter of your pond, cutting the liner like a pie crust (keep enough Pre-drill holes in the furring strips and place over the top of the first 2×6, sandwiching the liner between board and Continue around the. Sep 21, · If the liner is then folded over the top railway sleeper you will probably want to put an additional railway sleeper or timber capping on top of it to hold the liner in place, and to hide it. 6) Fill with water. Allow time to fill the raised pond with water, and for the liner . Slowly begin to fill up the pond from a hosepipe attached to a tap, pulling the liner into the neatest position possible as the pond begins to fill. Carry on guiding the shape of the liner and where the folds are forming right up until the pond is full.
As with all home and garden projects careful planning is required. So, in this article I aim to share all the steps you need to put in place including a project budget if you are going to include a pond liner, underlay, pond pump, filter, aquatic plants, fish and other finishing touches to your build.
With any pond build, the first and most important step is to decide what the purpose of your pond will be. Is it to attract wildlife, to keep gold fish, home Koi Carp or grow aquatic plants. Are you going to use natural or a mechanical water quality control system? The bigger the pond the easier it will be to maintain relative to a small shallow water feature. This is because a small pond gets warm quicker in summer and is more likely to freeze over in winter relative to a bigger and deeper pond.
However, there are solutions to every situation — when the temperatures rise during the summer months add extra aeration to your pond — use an air pump to achieve this and make sure your pond receives sufficient shade. Use a pond thermometer if you plan on homing fish and keep an eye out for any signs of distress. The lethal water temperature for Koi and goldfish is reportedly 90 degrees F.
The higher the water temperature, the less dissolved oxygen it is capable of holding. Fish have a greater demand for oxygen at higher temperatures so the distress they show is due to breathing difficulties. The next step is to decide where to position your pond.
A formal pond into which a box-welded pond liner is fitted can be raised off the ground or dug into the ground. It is about deciding which fits best with your garden size and overall landscape design. Now that you know what the purpose is for building your garden pond, the size that we best fit in the space you have available and where you are going to position it — the next step is deciding on design.
It is possible to be more creative with your design and still have your pond lined without creases or folds to the pond liner. The main criteria is that the design needs to include vertical sides.
Use a length of rope to play around with different shapes until you come up with one that will work in your garden and against the backdrop of your surrounding landscape.
A raised pond can be built using bricks, concrete blocks or railway sleepers. Sunken ponds require digging. The soil dug out can be used in flower beds or to landscape your garden. Once you have finished digging and are fully satisfied with the layout and depth you will need to remove as many of the stones and rough gravel as possible so as not to damage your pond liner.
Measure the widest width, the longest length and the deepest point of your pond. These dimensions are necessary to calculate how much pond liner and protective underlay you will need to order. It is always best to tackle the job with another pair of helping hands. First unfold the protective underlay and line the hole dug for your pond. Then, with great care unravel the pond liner and, with help lift and place over the pond. Allow your pond liner to sink into the deepest area of your pond.
Step barefoot into your pond to carefully push your pond liner into the contours. Pleat and fold as neatly as possible into the corners. The final step is to decide whether you are going to use natural means of aerating and maintaining water quality or mechanical by way of a pump and filter. The role of a pond pump is to keep the water moving and by so doing it add oxygen to it.
A filter added to the pump will remove debris. This is particularly important when keeping fish because their faeces, if left in the water increase the nitrate levels. This in turn affects water quality. Goldfish and Koi excrete waste into the water in the form of ammonia from their gills and nitrate in their faeces. And, a lgae grows in ponds where there are high levels light and nutrients.
When nutrient levels get high enough, algae takes over the pond and chokes everything else out. Ponds lined with a pond liner means there is a lack of soil in the bottom therefore few micro-organisms compared to that of a natural pond. There are also fewer surfaces for mico-organisms to attach to. Therefore you have to create an artificial place for the microbes to live. A filtration system can be used to provide a surface for the micro-organisms to live on.
Microbes take-up waste animal and plant matter as they float around in the water keeping the water clear of nutrients needed for algae to thrive. Building a pond in your garden is such a rewarding challenge to take on.
The finished product will provide you with endless enjoyment so I hope these steps help you to get to work on your plans. Menu Skip to content. Search for:. The shelves can be used to accommodate marginal plants of varying heights or to place planting baskets. Shelves make it easier to remove plants to cut back at the end of the season and for general pond maintenance. The design and planning for this type of pond is much like the steps you would take when planning what to plant in a flower bed so that choice works together in a creative fashion.
The bigger the pond, the easier it is to maintain healthy water levels. Goldfish require a pond of at least 5 meter square and a depth of no less than half a meter — or a volume of litres. Koi require a minimum of litres — or minimum pond size of 2. Koi are big fish and need a large volume of water.
They also produce high amounts of waste. For both those reasons, a steep or vertical sided pond is recommended. No retainer wall or brick work involved. A wildlife pond just needs a sloping edge so small creatures such as frogs can easily enter and get out. There is no man-made intervention such as a pond liner to contain the water or pond pump to aerate the water.
What size pond? Pond location The next step is to decide where to position your pond. Added nutrients will have a negative impact on water quality. This can be achieved by building your pond under a pergola or building a pergola to go over your pond or shaded in relation to the position of your pond to a garden wall or house. Building your pond too close to a tree to provide the necessary amount of shade is possible although you will have to keep on top of skimming off all the fallen leaves before they sink to the bottom.
Pond design Now that you know what the purpose is for building your garden pond, the size that we best fit in the space you have available and where you are going to position it — the next step is deciding on design.
Building your pond A raised pond can be built using bricks, concrete blocks or railway sleepers. Installing underlay and pond liner It is always best to tackle the job with another pair of helping hands.
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